Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1475, 27-34, 2000.[PubMed 10806334]
The mode of actions of lysozyme as an immunoglobulin production stimulating factor.
Takuya Sugahara, Fumimori Murakami, Yoko Yamada, and Takeshi Sasaki
As we demonstrated before, hen egg white lysozyme stimulates immunoglobulin production by a human-human hybridoma line, HB4C5 cells and human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Then, the mode of actions of lysozyme as an immunoglobulin production stimulating factor was investigated. The immunoglobulin production stimulating activity of lysozyme was inactivated by trypsin digestion, even though the enzymatic activity was completely preserved. This fact suggests that the immunoglobulin production stimulating effect of lysozyme is irrelevant to its enzymatic function. Furthermore, this means that the effect is a novel function of this enzyme. Lysozyme enhanced IgM production by transcription-suppressed HB4C5 cells treated with actinomycin D. However, the enzyme was ineffective to accelerate IgM production by translation-suppressed HB4C5 cells treated with cycloheximide or sodium fluoride. In addition, the intracellular IgM content of HB4C5 cells treated with monensin for suppression of the post-transcription activity was obviously increased by lysozyme, although the secretion of IgM was inhibited. These findings suggest that lysozyme accelerates translation process to enhance immunoglobulin productivity.