Cytotechnology, 3, 123-131, 1990.[PubMed 1366591]

Stimulation of Proliferation and Immunoglobulin M Production by Lactoferrin in Human-human and Mouse-mouse Hybridomas Cultures in Serum-free Conditions.

Koji Yamada, Ichiro Ikeda, Takuya Sugahara, Shuichi Hashizume, Sanetaka Shirahata, and Hiroki Murakami


The effects of growth factors, such as insulin, transferrin, lactoferrin, ethanolamine, and selenium, on proliferation and IgM production of human-human hybridomas HB4C5 cells in a serum-free enriched RDF (eRDF) medium were studied. Among them, lactoferrin markedly stimulated proliferation and IgM production of the cells. Another iron-binding protein, transferrin, stimulated proliferation of HB4C5 cells as well as lactoferrin, but its stimulatory effect on IgM production was negligible. The proliferation and IgM production of HB4C5 cells gave some detectable delays in conventional ITES-eRDF medium at low cell densities, but the delays were avoided by the addition of lactoferrin. However, eRDF medium supplemented with lactoferrin could not support proliferation and IgM production of the cells at high cell densities. For proliferation and IgM production of HB4C5 cells, eRDF medium supplemented with 25 g/ml lactoferrin, 10 microM ethanolamine, 35 g/ml transferrin, and 2.5 nM selenium (LETS-eRDF) gave the best result. Lactoferrin stimulated proliferation of human-human and mouse-mouse hybridomas producing IgG or IgM, but stimulation of Ig production was detected only in IgM producers. These results suggest that cell proliferation, IgM production, and IgG production of hybridomas are regulated by different mechanisms.