Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1572, 19-24, 2002.[PubMed 12204328]


Heat denaturation enhanced immunoglobulin production stimulating activity of lysozyme from hen egg white.

Takuya Sugahara, Yoko Yamada, Satomi Yano and Takeshi Sasaki


Abstract

Lysozyme from hen egg white was identified as an immunoglobulin production stimulating factor (IPSF) that enhances immunoglobulin production by hybridomas and lymphocytes. The IPSF activity of lysozyme was facilitated by heat treatment. The heat treatment of lysozyme at 83 C for 30 min activated its specific IPSF effect 30.0-fold compared with that of native lysozyme. The IPSF activity of lysozyme heat-treated at 83 C in 4 M urea solution was enhanced 8.4-fold than that of native lysozyme. However, lysozyme that was not heated in 4 M urea solution completely lost its IPSF activity. This means that the IPSF activity of this enzyme in 4 M urea was reactivated by thermal treatment. Moreover, coexistence of 0.5 mM 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME) during heating in 4 M urea solution extremely enhanced the IPSF activity up to 77.8-fold. The uptake of lysozyme by hybridoma cells was enhanced by heat denaturation in 4 M urea. The hydrophobicity of lysozyme was extremely increased by heat-treatment in 2-ME containing urea solution. It is expected from these findings that the increase in the hydrophobicity caused the enhancement of incorporation of lysozyme into target cells, and resulted in the acceleration of IgM production.